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:: Volume 3, Issue 1 (Int Biol Biomed J 2017) ::
IBBJ 2017, 3(1): 25-29 Back to browse issues page
Mycoendophytes Isolated from Mimusops elengi. L - A First Report
Kilavan Packiam Kannan *1, Mohamed Imdhiyas Abdul Basheed2, Sabarivasan Kannadhasan2, Sampath Pondurai2, Madhankumar Dhakshinamoorthy2
1- Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam, Tamil Nadu, India. , drkpkannan@gmail.com
2- Department of Biotechnology, Bannari Amman Institute of Technology, Sathyamangalam, Tamil Nadu, India.
Abstract:   (5196 Views)

Endophytes are organisms present in the internal tissues living in symbiotic association with plants. These organisms may be used as alternative source of many secondary metabolites production. The present study was conducted to explore the endophytic fungi that colonize the inner tissues of medicinal plant Mimusops elengi L. Out of 100 plant segments of both leaves and twigs of Mimusops elengi. L were surface sterilized and inoculated in potato dextrose agar plates and incubated for 4 weeks. A total of 17 endophytic fungi were isolated. Endophytic infection rate of Mimusops elengi L. was 88% in both leaves and twigs segments. Among them 10 were sterile morpho species differentiated by their morphological characteristics. The remaining 7 species were classified into 6 genera, with 2 species from Phoma genera and belonging to Coelomycetes, and 5 species from 5 genera belonging to Hyphomycetes. Nigrospora sphaerica showed the highest frequency of colonization of 42% and 34% in leaves and twigs, respectively, followed by sterile form IS6, Alternaria Sp., and sterile form IS4. Shannon diversity index was higher in twigs (H’= 0.35) and lower in leaves (H’= 0.18). Shannon evenness and relative index for Shannon were predominated in twigs (E’= 0.153 and RIH’= 0.093, respectively) followed by leaves (E’= 0.079 and RIH’= 0.048, respectively). Both twigs and leaves showed similar Gleason index (HG’) and relative index of Gleason (RIG’) equal to 2.378 and 0.20, respectively. The enumeration of biodiversity of endophytic fungi were dominated by Nigrospora sphaerica, Sterile form IS6, Sterile form IS4, Alternaria Sp., and Phoma Sp.

Keywords: Endophytic fungi, Mimusops elengi. L, Nigrospora sphaerica, Alternaria Sp
Full-Text [PDF 396 kb]   (1531 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Pharmacology
Received: 2017/01/4 | Accepted: 2017/02/9 | Published: 2017/02/13
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Kannan K P, Abdul Basheed M I, Kannadhasan S, Pondurai S, Dhakshinamoorthy M. Mycoendophytes Isolated from Mimusops elengi. L - A First Report. IBBJ. 2017; 3 (1) :25-29
URL: http://ibbj.org/article-1-101-en.html


Volume 3, Issue 1 (Int Biol Biomed J 2017) Back to browse issues page
International Biological and Biomedical Journal
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